© 2014 -
Anal Cancer Bladder Brain Cancer -
Eye Cancer (Ocular Melanoma) Fallopian Tube Cancer Head and Neck Cancers Non-
Neuroendocrine Tumours Oesophageal Cancer Pancreatic Cancer Penile Cancer Soft Tissue Sarcomas Leukaemia,
Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia, Acute Myeloid Leukaemia, Chronic Lymphocytic Bone Cancer Bile Duct Cancer
Kidney Cancer Breast Cancer -
Lung Cancer Hodgkin Lymphoma Mesothelioma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Prostate Cancer Skin Cancer
Spinal Cord Tumour Stomach Cancer Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma Thyroid Cancer Tracheal Cancer
(Cancer of the Windpipe) CUP (Cause of Unknown Primary) Vaginal Intra-
Leukaemia, acute lymphoblastic
Cancer is a disease caused when normal cells change or grow in an uncontrolled way. This uncontrolled growth causes a lump, which is usually referred to as a tumour. If not treated, tumours can cause problems in any of the following manners:
There are over 200 different types of cancer largely because there are over 200 different types of body cell. So it follows that cells that make up the lungs can cause a lung cancer etc. But more than that, there are different cells within the lungs, and these could cause different types of lung cancer.
The most common type is squamous cell carcinoma. Other types are basal cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and melanoma.
Brain Cancer -
A brain tumour is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. If any brain cells grow and multiply abnormally to cause a brain tumour, this is called a primary tumour. If abnormal cells have spread to the brain from a cancerous tumour in another part of the body, this is called a secondary tumour or a metastasis.
Brain Cancer -
Astrocytoma is the most common type, accounting for more than 40 per cent of cases. Astrocytoma is diagnosed throughout childhood and has no strong pattern by either sex or age. The second most frequent sub-
Bone cancer is a malignant tumour of the bone that destroys normal bone tissue. Not all bone tumours are malignant. In fact, benign (non-
Bile Duct Cancer
Bile duct cancer is also called cholangiocarcinoma. Doctors divide bile duct cancers into 3 groups depending on where they develop in the biliary system. Intrahepatic region – this means within the liver and includes the right and left hepatic ducts and their smaller branches Perihilar (hilar) region – this is just outside the liver where the right and left hepatic ducts meet Distal region – this includes the bile ducts close to the small bowel and the pancreas.
There are different types of kidney cancer. About 90% of kidney cancers (9 out of 10) are renal cell cancers (RCC), sometimes called renal adenocarcinoma. They start in the cells that line very small tubes, called tubules, in the kidney cortex. There are different types of renal cell cancer. The most common type is clear cell renal cancer. Less common types are papillary, chromophobe and collecting duct renal cancer. Another type of cancer that can affect the kidneys starts in the cells that line the renal pelvis, where the kidney joins with the ureter. These cancers, sometimes called transitional cell cancers, behave and are treated differently to renal cell cancer.
Breast Cancer -
Breast cancer occurs when cells within breast tissue mutate and begin to multiply uncontrollably. This leads to the development of tumours, which have the potential to spread through other parts of the body through the lymph nodes.
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